Businesses face criminal prosecution if they ‘facilitate tax evasion’
Published: 22 November 2017
Businesses could now face prosecution if they fail to prevent staff from criminally facilitating tax evasion.
The new measures came into effect on 30 September.
It was already a crime to evade tax, or deliberately help
another person to do so, but the government is now taking an even firmer stance
in a move designed to drive a change in corporate culture.
The Criminal Finances Act 2017 introduces two new criminal
offences - one applying to the evasion of UK taxes and one applying to the
evasion of foreign taxes.
The offences hold corporations and partnerships criminally
liable when they fail to prevent their employees, agents, or others who provide
services on their behalf from criminally facilitating tax evasion.
This is a significant change from previous law under which
they could only be found liable for criminally facilitating tax evasion if the
most senior members of the organisation – typically the board of directors –
were aware of the facilitation.
The Financial Secretary to the Treasury, Mel Stride MP, said:
“Tax evasion is a crime and takes away from the money we need to fund our vital
“The vast majority of businesses play by the rules but we
must ensure that those that don’t are accountable for their actions. The new
offences will ensure that companies doing business in the UK take reasonable
steps to prevent their staff from facilitating tax evasion.”
Key points to consider are as follows:
1. Where there is evasion of UK taxes, any company based anywhere in the world can be liable, regardless of whether it has a business presence in the UK.
2. Where taxes other than UK taxes are evaded, any company that is (a) incorporated under the law of the UK; (b) carrying out a business or part of a business in the UK; or (c) has staff criminally facilitate evasion from within the UK, can be liable under the UK criminal law for failing to prevent their staff from criminally facilitating the evasion of foreign taxes.
3. HMRC will be responsible for investigating offences in relation to UK tax. The Serious Fraud Office will be responsible for investigating offences in relation to foreign taxes. HMRC will work closely with the SFO to ensure a robust response to the facilitation of tax evasion.
4. HMRC uses the full range of both criminal and civil powers to investigate tax cheats, and is successful in more than 90% of the prosecutions undertaken. However, work doesn’t stop there – HMRC always looks to recover the proceeds from any crime committed.
5. In 2016-17, HMRC collected and protected more than £26 billion of tax that would otherwise have gone unpaid, from those not following the rules.
6. If you know of anyone committing tax fraud, you can call the HMRC 24-hour hotline on 0800 59 5000 to help stamp it out.
7. The Government has published guidance on what corporations and partnerships can do to prevent the criminal facilitation of tax evasion. This guidance can be found here.
Please contact Phil Downing in our Business, Corporate &
Commercial Property Team if you would like more information about company law
and directors’ duties.